Vol. 43 (4): 577-578, July – August, 2017

doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2017.04.01

EDITORIAL in this Issue

Stênio de Cássio Zequi
Editor Associado, International Braz J Urol
Divisão de Urologia do A.C. Camargo Cancer Center
Fundação A. Prudente, São Paulo, Brasil

As it is been daily debated, the dilemmas on to treat or not to treat patients with localized prostate cancer are under the scope of the “Difference of opinion section”: Between two extremes: the radical whole gland treatments versus the active surveillance protocols, the “middle term”, probably will be arise from judicious and individualized patient selection. Using biomolecular markers, nomograms, modern magnetic resonance evaluations and the individual patient preferences and payment capacities, the urologists will be able to decide a personalized approach’s, varying from traditional whole gland therapies, passing by the emerging focal treatments until exclusive surveillance. Concomitantly, in the future, less patients will be overdiagnosed and overtreated. Our readers will be able the get their self “middle term decisions”, after reading the favorable arguments (Dell´Oglio and Sanchez Salas, from Paris) and contrary to treatment (Schulman and Polascyck, from North Carolina)…

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