Vol. 46 (x): 2020 May 5.[Ahead of print]
Daniel H. Zidde 1, Francisco J. B. Sampaio 1, Paulo de Souza-Junior 2, Diogo B. De Souza 1, Marco A. Pereira-Sampaio 1, 3
1 Unidade de Pesquisa Urogenital, Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro – Uerj, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; 2 Laboratório de Anatomia Animal, Universidade Federal do Pampa, Uruguaiana, RS, Brasil; 3 Departamento de Morfologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense – UFF, Niterói, RJ, Brasil
Objective: To study the arterial segments of ovine kidney, present a proportional volume analysis of each kidney arterial segment, and analyze arterial injuries caused by simulated partial nephrectomy of cranial pole.
Materials and Methods: Forty-eight ovine kidneys injected with polyester resin into the renal arteries and collecting system were used in this study. Eighteen kidneys were used to study the arterial segments and the proportional volume of each renal segment. Other 30 kidneys were submitted to superior pole resection at a distance of 1.0cm, 0.5cm, or exactly at the cranial hilar edge, just before the resin hardening. These endocasts were used to evaluate the arterial injuries caused by these different resection planes.
Results: Ovine renal artery divided into two (ventral and dorsal) or three segmental arteries. Dorsal segment presented higher proportional volume than ventral segment. For kidneys with three segments, the third segment was on the caudal region (caudo-ventral or caudo-dorsal segment) and presented the lowest proportional volume. None of the resected kidneys (at 1.0, 0.5 or at the cranial hilar edge) presented injury of arterial branches that irrigate non-resected region.
Conclusion: The segmental distribution of renal artery, the proportional volume of each segment and arterial injuries after cranial pole resection in ovine kidneys are different from what is observed in human kidneys. Meanwhile, ovine kidneys show a primary segmental division on anterior and posterior, as in humans, but different from swine. These anatomical characteristics should be considered when using ovine as animal models for renal experimental and/or training procedures.
Keywords: Anatomy; Models, Animal; Kidney